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Updated: 9 hours 18 min ago

2019/10/17 New Generation of Intelligent Bio-Interfaces Could Overcome Aspects of Spinal Cord Injury

Thu, 2019-10-17 00:00
Spinal cord injury disrupts the connection between brain and body, causing devastating loss of physiological function to the wounded warfighter. In addition to paralysis, service members living with these injuries exhibit increased long-term morbidity due to factors such as respiratory and cardiovascular complications. Bridging the Gap Plus (BG+), a new DARPA program that combines neurotechnology, artificial intelligence, and biological sensors, opens the possibility of overcoming the worst effects of spinal cord injuries by promoting healing at the wound site and interfacing with the nervous system at points around the body to restore natural functions such as breathing, bowel and bladder control, movement, touch, and proprioception that can be lost when the spinal cord is damaged.
Categories: Department of Defense

2019/10/15 Safe Genes Tool Kit Takes Shape

Tue, 2019-10-15 00:00
DARPA launched the Safe Genes program in 2017 to establish a "safety by design" strategy for guiding the development of an array of powerful, emergent genome editing technologies. Consistent with the National Biodefense Strategy published last year, DARPA's goals for Safe Genes are to mitigate the risks and security concerns related to the accidental or intentional misuse of such technologies and, at the same time, enable the pursuit of novel genetic solutions that support public health and military force protection and readiness.
Categories: Department of Defense

2019/10/14 Rapidly Patching Legacy Software Vulnerabilities in Mission-Critical Systems

Mon, 2019-10-14 00:00
There are a vast number of diverse computing devices used to run the critical infrastructure our national security depends on – from transportation systems to electric grids to industrial equipment. Much like commercial or personal computing devices, these systems utilize embedded software to execute and manage their operations. To fix certain security vulnerabilities, commercial and personal devices must undergo frequent updates, and are replaced every few years – or on occasion, more frequently when an update fails. Mission-critical systems are built to last for decades, and rarely have the same short upgrade cycles.
Categories: Department of Defense

2019/10/04 OpFires Program Advances Technology for Upper Stage, Achieves Preliminary Design Review

Fri, 2019-10-04 00:00
DARPA's Operational Fires (OpFires) program has reached a major program milestone, completing booster preliminary design review of an innovative two-stage tactical missile system. OpFires aims to develop and demonstrate a ground-launched hypersonic weapon system to engage critical, time-sensitive targets in contested environments.
Categories: Department of Defense

2019/09/27 DARPA Seeks Novel Urban Swarm Capabilities, Enhancements to Physical Testbeds

Fri, 2019-09-27 00:00
Cities present multiple challenges for ground units as they attempt to navigate and search tall buildings amid tight spaces with limited sight lines. DARPA's OFFensive Swarm-Enabled Tactics (OFFSET) program envisions swarms of collaborative autonomous systems to provide insights to dismounted troops in urban environments. The OFFSET program is seeking proposals for its fifth swarm sprint, focused on two topics: operational swarm tactics in support of urban missions and innovative technologies to prototype and integrate into physical swarm system testbeds.
Categories: Department of Defense

2019/09/26 Reinventing the Network Stack for Compute-Intensive Applications

Thu, 2019-09-26 00:00
Computing performance has steadily increased against the trajectory set by Moore's Law, and networking performance has accelerated at a similar rate. Despite these connected evolutions in network and server technology however, the network stack, starting with the network interface card (NIC) – or the hardware that bridges the network/server boundary – has not kept pace. Today, network interface hardware is hampering data ingest from the network to processing hardware. Additional factors, such as limitations in server memory technologies, memory copying, poor application design, and competition for shared resources, has resulted in network subsystems that are creating a bottleneck within the network stack and are throttling application throughput.
Categories: Department of Defense

2019/09/11 Structure-Guided Drug Design Could Yield Fast-Acting Remedies for Complex Neuropsychiatric Conditions

Wed, 2019-09-11 00:00
In the wake of the Iraq and Afghanistan wars, the mental health crisis among U.S. military veterans remains unrelenting, despite the best efforts of healthcare researchers and providers to confront the scale and scope of the problem. According to a 2018 report from the Department of Veterans Affairs, an average of twenty U.S. veterans commit suicide each day.
Categories: Department of Defense

2019/09/10 DARPA Announces Final Teams to Compete in Spectrum Collaboration Challenge Championship Event

Tue, 2019-09-10 00:00
DARPA today announced the 10 teams that have qualified for the Championship Event of the Spectrum Collaboration Challenge (SC2) – a three-year contest to unlock the potential of the radio frequency (RF) spectrum using artificial intelligence (AI). The teams will head to Mobile World Congress Los Angeles on October 23, 2019, where their radio designs will go head to head during a live competition. The first, second, and third place winners will walk away with $2 million, $1 million, and $750,000 prizes, respectively.
Categories: Department of Defense

2019/09/03 Uncovering the Who, Why, and How Behind Manipulated Media

Tue, 2019-09-03 00:00
The threat of manipulated multi-modal media – which includes audio, images, video, and text – is increasing as automated manipulation technologies become more accessible, and social media continues to provide a ripe environment for viral content sharing. The creators of convincing media manipulations are no longer limited to groups with significant resources and expertise. Today, an individual content creator has access to capabilities that could enable the development of an altered media asset that creates a believable, but falsified, interaction or scene.
Categories: Department of Defense

2019/09/03 World’s Most Powerful RF Emulator to Become National Wireless Research Asset

Tue, 2019-09-03 00:00
Over the past three years, DARPA's Spectrum Collaboration Challenge (SC2) has relied on a custom-built virtual testbed called the Colosseum to host thousands of competitive matches and scrimmages, which will include the final match to determine the winner of the $2 million grand prize. Supporting SC2's mission to reimagine new spectrum access strategies in which radio networks autonomously collaborate to determine how the RF spectrum should be used moment-to-moment required the development of a research environment capable of emulating communication signals at real-world scope and scale.
Categories: Department of Defense

2019/08/22 Rolling, Walking, Flying, and Floating, SubT Challenge Teams Traverse the Tunnel Circuit

Thu, 2019-08-22 00:00
Subterranean (SubT) Challenge Systems teams are trekking toward the Urban Circuit after competing in the Tunnel Circuit, the first scored event of DARPA's high-tech underground contest. Eleven teams from eight countries gathered in Pittsburgh, August 15-22, 2019, to attempt to map, identify, and report artifacts along the passages of two Pittsburgh mines. With them, they brought 20 unmanned aerial vehicles, 64 ground robots, and one autonomous blimp robot named Duckiefloat.
Categories: Department of Defense

2019/08/20 DARPA Making Progress on Miniaturized Atomic Clocks for Future PNT Applications

Tue, 2019-08-20 00:00
Many of today's communications, navigation, financial transaction, distributed cloud, and defense applications rely on the precision timing of atomic clocks – or clocks that track time based on the oscillation of atoms with the highest degrees of accuracy. Harnessing the power of atoms for precise timing requires a host of sophisticated and bulky technologies that are costly to develop and consume large amounts of energy. New applications and technologies like 5G networks and GPS alternatives will require precise timekeeping on portable platforms, driving a demand for miniaturized atomic clocks with a high degree of performance.
Categories: Department of Defense

2019/08/09 Extending Field of View in Advanced Imaging Systems

Fri, 2019-08-09 00:00
The military relies on advanced imaging systems for a number of critical capabilities and applications – from Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR) and situational awareness to weapon sights. These powerful systems enable defense users to capture and analyze visual data, providing key insights both on and off the battlefield. Today, nearly all imaging systems rely on detector arrays fabricated using planar processes developed for electronic integrated circuits on flat silicon.
Categories: Department of Defense

2019/08/07 Teams Test Swarm Autonomy in Second Major OFFSET Field Experiment

Wed, 2019-08-07 00:00
During the second field experiment for DARPA's OFFensive Swarm-Enabled Tactics (OFFSET) program, teams of autonomous air and ground robots tested tactics on a mission to isolate an urban objective. Similar to the way a firefighting crew establishes a boundary around a burning building, they first identified locations of interest and then created a perimeter around the focal point.
Categories: Department of Defense

2019/08/07 From Plastic to X: Sourcing Military Waste for On-Site Production of Critical Stocks

Wed, 2019-08-07 00:00
The tremendous ability of the U.S. military to project power entails an equally imposing logistical chain to maintain stocks of food, water, medicines, fuel, and other supplies critical to troops and equipment. That chain gets stretched to extremes when the military is called upon to rapidly deploy anywhere in the world and sustain operations without the benefit of fixed infrastructure.
Categories: Department of Defense

2019/08/02 Evolving Computers from Tools to Partners in Cyber-Physical System Design

Fri, 2019-08-02 00:00
Department of Defense (DOD) systems and platforms are composed of numerous integrated cyber-physical subsystems, which create an enormous amount of complexity and makes their engineering a daunting task. Today, designing cyber-physical systems (CPS) requires an army of skilled engineers with the right domain expertise, and hundreds of domain-specific tools. The process used to design these systems is largely manual, creating long design cycles that often result in costly redesigns after building and testing the systems. The flaws in the process are numerous – from balancing predictability with cost-efficiency to operating under tight time constraints to integrating disparate pieces from multiple design teams.
Categories: Department of Defense

2019/08/01 Hacker Community to Take on DARPA Hardware Defenses at DEF CON 2019

Thu, 2019-08-01 00:00
This month, DARPA will bring a demonstration version of a secure voting ballot box equipped with hardware defenses in development on the System Security Integrated Through Hardware and Firmware (SSITH) program to the DEF CON 2019 Voting Machine Hacking Village (Voting Village). The SSITH program is developing methodologies and design tools that enable the use of hardware advances to protect systems against software exploitation of hardware vulnerabilities. To evaluate progress on the program, DARPA is incorporating the secure processors researchers are developing into a secure voting ballot box and turning the system lose for public assessment by thousands of hackers and DEF CON community members.
Categories: Department of Defense

2019/07/18 Generating Zero-Knowledge Proofs for Defense Capabilities

Thu, 2019-07-18 00:00
There are times when the highest levels of privacy and security are required to protect a piece of information, but there is still a need to prove the information's existence and accuracy. For the Department of Defense (DoD), the proof could be the verification of a relevant capability. How can one verify this capability without revealing any sensitive details about it? In the commercial world, this struggle manifests itself across banking transactions, cybersecurity threat disclosure, and beyond.
Categories: Department of Defense

2019/07/16 DARPA Announces Microsystems Exploration Program

Tue, 2019-07-16 00:00
Over the past few decades, DARPA's Microsystems Technology Office (MTO) has enabled revolutionary advances in electronics materials, devices, and systems, which have provided the United States with unique defense and economic advantages. To continue its path of successful electronics innovation, DARPA today announced a new MTO effort called the Microsystems Exploration program. The Microsystems Exploration program will constitute a series of short-term investments into high-risk, high-reward research focused on technical domains relevant to MTO.
Categories: Department of Defense

2019/07/12 With Squad X, Dismounted Units Partner with AI to Dominate Battlespace

Fri, 2019-07-12 00:00
DARPA's Squad X Experimentation program aims to demonstrate a warfighting force with artificial intelligence as a true partner. In a recent field test, the program worked with U.S. Marines at the Air Ground Combat Center in Twentynine Palms, California, to track progress on two complementary systems that allow infantry squads to collaborate with AI and autonomous systems to make better decisions in complex, time-critical combat situations.
Categories: Department of Defense