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Updated: 6 hours 44 min ago

2019/11/22 Researchers Set to Decode Biological Circuitry That Drives Peak Performance and Resilience

Fri, 2019-11-22 00:00
DARPA's Measuring Biological Aptitude (MBA) program begins and ends with the men and women of the United States military. The program - first announced in January 2019 - centers on how service members can access the potential of their own biological systems to achieve peak results across a range of military specializations, and aims for a detailed understanding of how measurement of those systems in real time can help service members perform at their maximum potential.
Categories: Department of Defense

2019/11/21 Powering Future Optical Microsystems with Chip-Scale Integrated Photonics

Thu, 2019-11-21 00:00
Lasers are essential to many fields – ranging from optical communications and remote sensing, to manufacturing and medicine. While the semiconductor laser was first demonstrated nearly 60 years ago, advances in diode lasers and access to semiconductor fabrication techniques have enabled continued innovation and miniaturization of the technology. Photonic integrated circuits (PICs), which combine many photonic elements onto a single chip, have also transformed the way lasers and other optical systems are engineered, creating improvements in size, weight, and power (SWaP), system performance, and enabling new functionality. Despite these advances, a number of obstacles still hamper the proliferation of optical systems for defense and commercial applications.
Categories: Department of Defense

2019/11/15 Gene Editors Could Find New Use as Rapid Detectors of Pathogenic Threats

Fri, 2019-11-15 00:00
In a twist on how gene editing technology might be applied in the future, DARPA's newest biotechnology funding opportunity aims to incorporate gene editors into detectors for distributed health biosurveillance and rapid, point-of-need diagnostics for endemic, emerging, and engineered pathogenic threats. The "Detect It with Gene Editing Technologies" (DIGET) program could help the Department of Defense maintain force readiness by informing rapid medical response and increasing the standard of care for troops, and preserve geopolitical stability by preventing the spread of infectious disease from becoming a driver of conflict.
Categories: Department of Defense

2019/11/13 DARPA’s Angler Program Awards Contracts to Advance Autonomous Underwater Systems

Wed, 2019-11-13 00:00
DARPA has awarded six contracts for work on the Angler program, which aims to pioneer the next generation of autonomous underwater robotic systems capable of physical intervention in the deep ocean environment. This class of future unmanned underwater vehicles (UUVs) must overcome reliance on GPS and human intervention to support infrastructure establishment, maintenance, and resilience over the vastness of the ocean. The Angler program seeks to merge breakthroughs in terrestrial and space robotics, as well as underwater sensing, to develop autonomous robotic solutions capable of navigating and surveying ocean depths, and physically manipulating human-made objects of interest.
Categories: Department of Defense

2019/11/12 Subterranean Challenge Identifies Urban Circuit Location, Updates Prize Amounts

Tue, 2019-11-12 00:00
The DARPA Subterranean (SubT) Challenge Urban Circuit will take place Feb. 18-27, 2020, at Satsop Business Park west of Olympia, Washington. In the SubT Challenge, teams deploy autonomous ground and aerial systems to attempt to map, identify, and report artifacts along two competition courses. The artifacts represent items a first responder or service member may encounter in underground environments.
Categories: Department of Defense

2019/10/30 Teams Complete SubT Challenge Virtual Tunnel Circuit

Wed, 2019-10-30 00:00
With 50 total points, Coordinated Robotics finished in first place in the DARPA Subterranean (SubT) Challenge Virtual Tunnel Circuit event, and as the top self-funded team, earned $250,000. Eight teams developed, tested, and submitted their software-based solutions for simulation-based evaluation on the SubT Virtual Testbed.
Categories: Department of Defense

2019/10/24 GatorWings Wins DARPA Spectrum Collaboration Challenge

Thu, 2019-10-24 00:00
DARPA today announced that GatorWings, a team of undergraduate students, Ph.D. candidates, and professors from the University of Florida are the winners of the Spectrum Collaboration Challenge (SC2) – a three-year competition to unlock the true potential of the radio frequency (RF) spectrum with artificial intelligence (AI). DARPA hosted the championship event at Mobile World Congress 2019 (MWC19) Los Angeles in front of a live audience. SC2's final 10 competitors and their AI-enabled radios went head-to-head during six rounds of competitive play. GatorWings emerged victorious, taking home first place and the $2 million grand prize.
Categories: Department of Defense

2019/10/22 DARPA Updates Competitor Field for Flexible, Responsive Launch to Orbit

Tue, 2019-10-22 00:00
In early 2020, one team will attempt to win a $10 million prize in the DARPA Launch Challenge. The Challenge aims to increase the flexibility and pace of space launch to put assets into low Earth orbit to meet national security priorities.
Categories: Department of Defense

2019/10/21 DARPA Picks Teams for Virtual Air Combat Competition

Mon, 2019-10-21 00:00
DARPA has selected eight teams to compete in the AlphaDogfight Trials, a virtual competition designed to demonstrate advanced artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms that can perform simulated within-visual-range air combat maneuvering, colloquially known as a dogfight.
Categories: Department of Defense

2019/10/17 New Generation of Intelligent Bio-Interfaces Could Overcome Aspects of Spinal Cord Injury

Thu, 2019-10-17 00:00
Spinal cord injury disrupts the connection between brain and body, causing devastating loss of physiological function to the wounded warfighter. In addition to paralysis, service members living with these injuries exhibit increased long-term morbidity due to factors such as respiratory and cardiovascular complications. Bridging the Gap Plus (BG+), a new DARPA program that combines neurotechnology, artificial intelligence, and biological sensors, opens the possibility of overcoming the worst effects of spinal cord injuries by promoting healing at the wound site and interfacing with the nervous system at points around the body to restore natural functions such as breathing, bowel and bladder control, movement, touch, and proprioception that can be lost when the spinal cord is damaged.
Categories: Department of Defense

2019/10/15 Safe Genes Tool Kit Takes Shape

Tue, 2019-10-15 00:00
DARPA launched the Safe Genes program in 2017 to establish a "safety by design" strategy for guiding the development of an array of powerful, emergent genome editing technologies. Consistent with the National Biodefense Strategy published last year, DARPA's goals for Safe Genes are to mitigate the risks and security concerns related to the accidental or intentional misuse of such technologies and, at the same time, enable the pursuit of novel genetic solutions that support public health and military force protection and readiness.
Categories: Department of Defense

2019/10/14 Rapidly Patching Legacy Software Vulnerabilities in Mission-Critical Systems

Mon, 2019-10-14 00:00
There are a vast number of diverse computing devices used to run the critical infrastructure our national security depends on – from transportation systems to electric grids to industrial equipment. Much like commercial or personal computing devices, these systems utilize embedded software to execute and manage their operations. To fix certain security vulnerabilities, commercial and personal devices must undergo frequent updates, and are replaced every few years – or on occasion, more frequently when an update fails. Mission-critical systems are built to last for decades, and rarely have the same short upgrade cycles.
Categories: Department of Defense

2019/10/04 OpFires Program Advances Technology for Upper Stage, Achieves Preliminary Design Review

Fri, 2019-10-04 00:00
DARPA's Operational Fires (OpFires) program has reached a major program milestone, completing booster preliminary design review of an innovative two-stage tactical missile system. OpFires aims to develop and demonstrate a ground-launched hypersonic weapon system to engage critical, time-sensitive targets in contested environments.
Categories: Department of Defense

2019/09/27 DARPA Seeks Novel Urban Swarm Capabilities, Enhancements to Physical Testbeds

Fri, 2019-09-27 00:00
Cities present multiple challenges for ground units as they attempt to navigate and search tall buildings amid tight spaces with limited sight lines. DARPA's OFFensive Swarm-Enabled Tactics (OFFSET) program envisions swarms of collaborative autonomous systems to provide insights to dismounted troops in urban environments. The OFFSET program is seeking proposals for its fifth swarm sprint, focused on two topics: operational swarm tactics in support of urban missions and innovative technologies to prototype and integrate into physical swarm system testbeds.
Categories: Department of Defense

2019/09/26 Reinventing the Network Stack for Compute-Intensive Applications

Thu, 2019-09-26 00:00
Computing performance has steadily increased against the trajectory set by Moore's Law, and networking performance has accelerated at a similar rate. Despite these connected evolutions in network and server technology however, the network stack, starting with the network interface card (NIC) – or the hardware that bridges the network/server boundary – has not kept pace. Today, network interface hardware is hampering data ingest from the network to processing hardware. Additional factors, such as limitations in server memory technologies, memory copying, poor application design, and competition for shared resources, has resulted in network subsystems that are creating a bottleneck within the network stack and are throttling application throughput.
Categories: Department of Defense

2019/09/11 Structure-Guided Drug Design Could Yield Fast-Acting Remedies for Complex Neuropsychiatric Conditions

Wed, 2019-09-11 00:00
In the wake of the Iraq and Afghanistan wars, the mental health crisis among U.S. military veterans remains unrelenting, despite the best efforts of healthcare researchers and providers to confront the scale and scope of the problem. According to a 2018 report from the Department of Veterans Affairs, an average of twenty U.S. veterans commit suicide each day.
Categories: Department of Defense

2019/09/10 DARPA Announces Final Teams to Compete in Spectrum Collaboration Challenge Championship Event

Tue, 2019-09-10 00:00
DARPA today announced the 10 teams that have qualified for the Championship Event of the Spectrum Collaboration Challenge (SC2) – a three-year contest to unlock the potential of the radio frequency (RF) spectrum using artificial intelligence (AI). The teams will head to Mobile World Congress Los Angeles on October 23, 2019, where their radio designs will go head to head during a live competition. The first, second, and third place winners will walk away with $2 million, $1 million, and $750,000 prizes, respectively.
Categories: Department of Defense

2019/09/03 Uncovering the Who, Why, and How Behind Manipulated Media

Tue, 2019-09-03 00:00
The threat of manipulated multi-modal media – which includes audio, images, video, and text – is increasing as automated manipulation technologies become more accessible, and social media continues to provide a ripe environment for viral content sharing. The creators of convincing media manipulations are no longer limited to groups with significant resources and expertise. Today, an individual content creator has access to capabilities that could enable the development of an altered media asset that creates a believable, but falsified, interaction or scene.
Categories: Department of Defense

2019/09/03 World’s Most Powerful RF Emulator to Become National Wireless Research Asset

Tue, 2019-09-03 00:00
Over the past three years, DARPA's Spectrum Collaboration Challenge (SC2) has relied on a custom-built virtual testbed called the Colosseum to host thousands of competitive matches and scrimmages, which will include the final match to determine the winner of the $2 million grand prize. Supporting SC2's mission to reimagine new spectrum access strategies in which radio networks autonomously collaborate to determine how the RF spectrum should be used moment-to-moment required the development of a research environment capable of emulating communication signals at real-world scope and scale.
Categories: Department of Defense