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Updated: 11 hours 25 min ago

2019/06/14 Enabling Revolutionary Nondestructive Inspection Capability

Fri, 2019-06-14 00:00
X-rays and gamma rays have a wide range of applications including scanning suspicious maritime shipping containers for illicit materials, industrial inspection of materials and processes, and medical diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. Current technologies, however, are not ideal. X-rays produce a continuum of energies that limit their inspection and diagnostic performance, and gamma rays can only be produced at specific energies unique to a given radioactive isotope.
Categories: Department of Defense

2019/05/31 DARPA Announces ERI Summit 2019 Workshops

Fri, 2019-05-31 00:00
For the second year in a row, DARPA is convening the electronics community to discuss the ambitions and achievements of its five-year, upwards of $1.5 billion investment in U.S. microelectronics advancement. Attendees at the second annual Electronics Resurgence Initiative (ERI) Summit – being held July 15-17 in Detroit, Michigan – will hear from commercial and defense leaders as they share their insights on the domestic semiconductor industry and the applications driving next-generation electronics.
Categories: Department of Defense

2019/05/21 DARPA Identifies Teams Qualified to Compete in First Scored Event of SubT Challenge

Tue, 2019-05-21 00:00
Eleven teams from around the world will attempt to remotely map, identify, and report the greatest number of artifacts along the passages of a Pittsburgh research mine in the Subterranean Challenge Tunnel Circuit. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Mining Program manages the formerly operational mine, which will serve as the arena for the Systems event August 15-22, 2019.
Categories: Department of Defense

2019/05/21 Making DoD’s Vast Logistics Enterprise More Resilient

Tue, 2019-05-21 00:00
The Department of Defense (DoD)'s Joint Logistics Enterprise, which spans both supply chain and logistics operations, provides the means to muster, transport, and sustain military power anywhere in the world at a high level of readiness. To operate successfully in an increasingly contested global security environment, however, the logistics enterprise needs to change how it operates. In particular, the enterprise needs to overcome its reliance on thousands of disparate legacy information systems, which can't provide the status of millions of military parts, supplies, and pieces of equipment, which are stocked and shipped around the world.
Categories: Department of Defense

2019/05/20 Discover DSO Day Announced

Mon, 2019-05-20 00:00
DARPA's Defense Sciences Office (DSO) will host Discover DSO Day (D3) on June 18, 2019, to facilitate discussion of technical research thrusts outlined in a new office-wide Broad Agency Announcement (BAA) solicitation expected in mid-June.
Categories: Department of Defense

2019/05/20 Six Paths to the Nonsurgical Future of Brain-Machine Interfaces

Mon, 2019-05-20 00:00
DARPA has awarded funding to six organizations to support the Next-Generation Nonsurgical Neurotechnology (N3) program, first announced in March 2018. Battelle Memorial Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, Palo Alto Research Center (PARC), Rice University, and Teledyne Scientific are leading multidisciplinary teams to develop high-resolution, bidirectional brain-machine interfaces for use by able-bodied service members. These wearable interfaces could ultimately enable diverse national security applications such as control of active cyber defense systems and swarms of unmanned aerial vehicles, or teaming with computer systems to multitask during complex missions.
Categories: Department of Defense

2019/05/08 Training AI to Win a Dogfight

Wed, 2019-05-08 00:00
Artificial intelligence has defeated chess grandmasters, Go champions, professional poker players, and, now, world-class human experts in the online strategy games Dota 2 and StarCraft II. No AI currently exists, however, that can outduel a human strapped into a fighter jet in a high-speed, high-G dogfight. As modern warfare evolves to incorporate more human-machine teaming, DARPA seeks to automate air-to-air combat, enabling reaction times at machine speeds and freeing pilots to concentrate on the larger air battle.
Categories: Department of Defense

2019/05/03 A Scent-Based Strategy for Preventing Mosquito Transmission of Disease

Fri, 2019-05-03 00:00
Could it be that your scent is just a bit too attractive? It is known that mosquitoes are drawn to certain human chemical odors that lead the insects to sources of food. ReVector, a new program from DARPA's Biological Technologies Office, intends to diminish that attraction - or even actively repel mosquitoes - by engineering the skin microbiome to temporarily alter chemical production. By modulating the interaction of skin-associated microbes with metabolites from the body, ReVector technologies might lower the incidence of mosquito feeding and thus reduce the opportunity for the insects to transmit diseases such as malaria, dengue, and chikungunya that reduce military readiness.
Categories: Department of Defense

2019/05/03 Expediting Software Certification for Military Systems, Platforms

Fri, 2019-05-03 00:00
Military systems are increasingly using software to support functionality, new capabilities, and beyond. Before a new piece of software can be deployed within a system however, its functional safety and compliance with certain standards must be verified and ultimately receive certification. As the rapid rate of software usage continues to grow, it is becoming exceedingly difficult to assure that all software considered for military use is coded correctly and then tested, verified, and documented appropriately.
Categories: Department of Defense

2019/04/30 DARPA Tests Advanced Chemical Sensors

Tue, 2019-04-30 00:00
DARPA's SIGMA program, which began in 2014, has demonstrated a city-scale capability for detecting radiological and nuclear threats that is now being operationally deployed. DARPA is building off this work with the SIGMA+ initiative that is focused on providing city- to region-scale detection capabilities across the full chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, and explosive threat space.
Categories: Department of Defense

2019/04/29 With Insights from Integration Exercise, SubT Challenge Competitors Prepare for Tunnel Circuit

Mon, 2019-04-29 00:00
Nine teams hailing from four continents gathered in Idaho Springs, Colorado, the week of April 5-11, 2019, to test autonomous air and ground systems for navigating the dark, dangerous, dirty, and unpredictable underground domain. The SubT Integration Exercise, known as STIX, took place at the Colorado School of Mines' Edgar Experimental Mine. The event provided a shakeout opportunity for competitors in advance of the Tunnel Circuit in August, the first of three subdomains that teams will tackle in DARPA's Subterranean Challenge.
Categories: Department of Defense

2019/04/10 Three Teams Qualify to Compete in DARPA Launch Challenge

Wed, 2019-04-10 00:00
The DARPA Launch Challenge aims to fundamentally shift military space capabilities to enable on-demand, flexible, and responsive launch of small payloads. Three competitors successfully completed the qualification phase and will attempt to launch to low-Earth orbit from two different U.S. locations within a matter of weeks. Teams will receive notice of the first launch site a few weeks prior to launch and exact details on the payload and intended orbit just days before launch. DARPA is targeting both launches for early 2020.
Categories: Department of Defense

2019/04/05 DARPA Announces Second Annual ERI Summit

Fri, 2019-04-05 00:00
Since its official announcement on June 1, 2017, DARPA's Electronics Resurgence Initiative (ERI) has sought to advance the development of a specialized, secure, and heavily automated electronics industry. ERI – a five-year, upwards of $1.5B investment to enable far-reaching improvements in electronics performance – has fostered collaborations among the commercial electronics sector, defense industrial base, and university researchers. As ERI enters its second year, DARPA seeks to reconvene the electronics community at the second annual ERI Summit in Detroit, Michigan, July 15–17. The Summit will allow electronics innovators to share their vision for the future, review technical progress, and provide input into future research directions.
Categories: Department of Defense

2019/04/01 OFFSET Seeks Proposals to Accelerate Swarm Tactics in Virtual Environments

Mon, 2019-04-01 00:00
DARPA is soliciting creative proposals for the fourth swarm sprint in its OFFensive Swarm-Enabled Tactics (OFFSET) program. OFFSET envisions swarms of 250 collaborative autonomous systems providing critical capabilities to ground units in urban areas where challenges such as tall buildings, tight spaces, and limited sight lines constrain essential communications, sensing, maneuverability, and autonomous operations.
Categories: Department of Defense

2019/03/25 DARPA Seeks to Make Scalable On-Chip Security Pervasive

Mon, 2019-03-25 00:00
For the past decade, cybersecurity threats have moved from high in the software stack to progressively lower levels of the computational hierarchy, working their way towards the underlying hardware. The rise of the Internet of Things (IoT) has driven the creation of a rapidly growing number of accessible devices and a multitude of complex chip designs needed to enable them. With this rapid growth comes increased opportunity for economic and nation-state adversaries alike to shift their attention to chips that enable complex capabilities across commercial and defense applications. The consequences of a hardware cyberattack are significant as a compromise could potentially impact not millions, but billions of devices.
Categories: Department of Defense

2019/03/22 In the Sky and on the Ground, Collaboration Vital to DARPA’s CODE for Success

Fri, 2019-03-22 00:00
On a brisk February morning in the Yuma, Arizona, desert, a swarm of unmanned aerial vehicles equipped with DARPA's Collaborative Operations in Denied Environment system, or CODE, successfully carried out mission objectives, even when communications were offline and GPS was unavailable.
Categories: Department of Defense

2019/03/21 Using AI to Build Better Human-Machine Teams

Thu, 2019-03-21 00:00
The inability of artificial intelligence (AI) to represent and model human partners is the single biggest challenge preventing effective human-machine teaming today. Current AI agents are able to respond to commands and follow through on instructions that are within their training, but are unable to understand intentions, expectations, emotions, and other aspects of social intelligence that are inherent to their human counterparts. This lack of understanding stymies efforts to create safe, efficient, and productive human-machine collaboration.
Categories: Department of Defense

2019/03/21 Designing Chips for Real Time Machine Learning

Thu, 2019-03-21 00:00
The current generation of machine learning (ML) systems would not have been possible without significant computing advances made over the past few decades. The development of the graphics-processing unit (GPU) was critical to the advancement of ML as it provided new levels of compute power needed for ML systems to process and train on large data sets. As the field of artificial intelligence looks towards advancing beyond today's ML capabilities, pushing into the realms of "learning" in real-time, new levels of computing are required.
Categories: Department of Defense

2019/03/19 DARPA Launches Social Media Platform to Accelerate R&D

Tue, 2019-03-19 00:00
DARPA aims to apply the power of social networks to research and development via a novel social media platform purpose-built to quicken the pace of U.S. technology development. Polyplexus, which was recently launched as a public platform, is designed to increase access to scientific evidence and accelerate hypothesis development, research proposal generation, and research sponsor engagement. The platform's real-time interactions and functionality are designed to dramatically shorten the time between the emergence of concepts and the submission of worthy proposals.
Categories: Department of Defense

2019/03/12 Progress on Lifelong Learning Machines Shows Potential for Bio-Inspired Algorithms

Tue, 2019-03-12 00:00
Today's machine learning systems are restricted by their inability to continuously learn or adapt as they encounter new situations; their programs are fixed after training, leaving them unable to react to new, unforeseen circumstances once they are fielded. Adding new information to cover programming deficits overwrites the existing training set. With current technology, this requires taking the system offline and retraining it on a dataset that incorporates the new information. It is a long and arduous process that DARPA's Lifelong Learning Machines (L2M) program is working to overcome.
Categories: Department of Defense

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